Prematurity

Studies analyzing challenges surrounding preterm infant nutrition, growth, and development.

Infant Nutrition Requirements And Options

This article outlines caloric and nutrient needs, describes appropriate growth indicators, and emphasizes the importance of communication between healthcare professionals to ensure that term and preterm infants get the nutrition they need.

Patel JK, Rouster AS. Infant Nutrition Requirements and Options. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; Jan 2024-.

#

Save this link

Saved

Postnatal Growth of Preterm Infants During the First 2 Years of Life: Catch-Up Growth Accompanied by Risk of Overweight

This study describes the growth of Chinese children (who were born prematurely) during their first 2 years of life. Learn about this population's growth trajectory, catch-up growth, and risk of becoming overweight.

Han J, Jiang Y, Huang J, et al. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47(1):66. doi:10.1186/s13052-021-01019-2

#

Save this link

Saved

Shifts in the Distribution of Births by Gestational Age

The National Vital Statistics System released this article describing a shift toward shorter gestational ages in the US from 2014-2022, during which the rate of preterm and early-term births rose by 12% and 20%, respectively. Learn more about the methods and potential implications of this study.

Martin JA, Osterman MJK. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2024;73(1):1-11.

#

Save this link

Saved

NICU Discharge Preparation & Transition Planning: Guidelines & Recommendations

Find guidelines developed for preparing families for NICU discharge and the transition to at-home care. These recommendations are specific and actionable, while being general enough to adapt to the needs of your practice.

Smith VC, Love K, Goyer E. J Perinatol. 2022;42(Suppl 1):7-21. doi:10.1038/s41372-022-01313-9

#

Save this link

Saved

Review of Post-NICU Support for Families With Preterm Infants

This review discusses opportunities to provide support to families with preterm infants following NICU discharge. Intervention measures, such as family-focused communication, can help to provide parents with continued education, promote emotional support, and reduce unplanned hospital visits.

Griffith T, Singh A, Naber M, et al. J Pediatr Nurs. 2022;67:e135-e149. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2022.08.014

#

Save this link

Saved

Optimizing Early Neonatal Nutrition & Dietary Patterns In Premature Infants

Explore a review summarizing evidence regarding preterm infant enteral nutrition and early postnatal growth.

Wiechers C, Bernhard W, Goelz R, Poets CF, Franz AR. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(14):7544. Published 2021 Jul 15. doi:10.3390/ijerph18147544

#

Save this link

Saved

Post-Discharge Nutrition in Preterm Infants

This review examined and reanalyzed existing evidence to clarify the ways this body of clinical research may have a positive impact on the post-discharge nutrition approach to preterm infants.

Lucas A, Sherman J, Fewtrell M. Neoreviews. 2022;23(8):e541-e557. doi:10.1542/neo.23-8-e541

#

Save this link

Saved

Acidified Feedings in Preterm Infants: A Historical and Physiological Perspective

This article reviews the history of acidified feedings in infants and contemporary research on the use of acidified human milk fortifiers, its effects on preterm infants, and the underlying physiological mechanisms of action.

Barrett-Reis B, Shakeel F, Dennis L, Baggs G, Masor ML. Am J Perinatol. 2023;40(2):141-148. doi:10.1055/s-0042-1749166

#

Save this link

Saved

Neonatal Gut Microbiome & Immunity

This study examines recent findings on the neonatal gut microbiome and discusses their implications for understanding this driver of the maturation of the immune system and immunity against infections.

Sanidad KZ, Zeng MY. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2020;56:30-37. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2020.05.011

#

Save this link

Saved

Post-discharge Feeding of Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants (VLBW): Adherence to Nutrition Guidelines

Read a study that explored feeding practices versus feeding guideline adherence for nutritionally vulnerable VLBW infants. This study followed post-discharge feeding practices for those born VLBW to see if they aligned with current recommendations.

Francis J, Unger S, Bando N, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018;67(3):401-408. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000002041

#

Save this link

Saved

Enteral Vitamin D Supplementation in Preterm or Low-Birth-Weight (LBW) Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Read a study which assessed the effects of enteral vitamin D supplementation compared with no vitamin D supplementation in human milk-fed preterm or LBW infants.

Kumar M, Shaikh S, Sinha B, et al. Pediatrics. 2022;150(Suppl 1):e2022057092K. doi:10.1542/peds.2022-057092K

#

Save this link

Saved

Catch-up Growth in Very Preterm-Born Infants (VPI)

Review the clinical study that showed achievable catch-up growth in VPI when transitional formula complements human milk feeding.

Fernandes AI, Gollins LA, Hagan JL, Hair AB. J Perinatol. 2022. doi: 10.1038/s41372-022-01510-6

#

Save this link

Saved

Protein Enrichment of Donor Breast Milk and Impact on Growth Study

Infants in the study received initial feedings of donor breast milk, maternal breast milk, or donor breast milk with protein enrichment; followed by multi-nutrient-fortified human milk. Initial protein enrichment of donor breast milk appeared safe for stable very low-birth-weight infants.

Fu TT, Kaplan HC, Fields T, Folger AT, Gordon K, Poindexter BB. Nutrients. 2021;13(8):2869. doi:10.3390/nu13082869

#

Save this link

Saved

Targeted Breast Milk Fortification for Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants: Nutritional Intake, Growth Outcome, and Body Composition

An interventional study compared body composition and growth outcomes of very low-birth-weight infants fed targeted protein-fortified human milk (HM) with those fed standard fortified HM.

Parat S, Raza P, Kamleh M, Super D, Groh-Wargo S. Nutrients. 2020;12(4):1156. doi:10.3390/nu12041156

#

Save this link

Saved

Comparison of the Effect of Two Human Milk Fortifiers on Clinical Outcomes in Premature Infants

A study which compared and quantified effects of feeding acidified liquid HMF (ALHMF) versus powder HMF (PHMF) in a premature infant population.

Thoene M, Hanson C, Lyden E, Dugick L, Ruybal L, & Anderson-Berry A. Nutrients. 2014;6(1):261–275. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6010261

#

Save this link

Saved

Probiotics and Preterm Infants: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition Committee (ESPGHAN) on Nutrition and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition Working Group for Probiotics and Prebiotics

This ESPGHAN probiotic meta-analysis paper identified strains with high efficacy and addressed safety issues of probiotic supplementation to preterm infants, who have reduced immunological capacities and occasional indwelling catheters.

van den Akker C, van Goudoever JB, Shamir R, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020;70(5):664-680. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000002655

#

Save this link

Saved

Improved Outcomes in Preterm Infants Fed a Nonacidified Liquid Human Milk Fortifier: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial

A randomized, controlled study that compared growth, feeding intolerance, and clinical and biochemical evaluations in human milk-fed preterm infants who received either an acidified or nonacidified liquid human milk fortifier.

Schanler RJ, Groh-Wargo SL, Barrett-Reis B, et al. J Pediatr. 2018;202:31-37.e2. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.07.005

#

Save this link

Saved

Growth and Tolerance of Preterm Infants Fed a New Extensively Hydrolyzed Liquid Human Milk Fortifier

This randomized, controlled study compared growth and tolerance in premature infants fed human milk with either standard powdered human milk fortifier (HMF) or a newly formulated concentrated liquid HMF.

Kim JH, Chan G, Schanler R, et al. [Published correction appears in J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 Jan;62(1):188-9]. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015;61(6):665-671. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000001010

#

Save this link

Saved

Growth of Preterm Infants Fed Nutrient-Enriched or Term Formula After Hospital Discharge

A double-blind study which evaluated the growth of preterm infants fed nutrient-enriched or term formula after hospital discharge.

Carver JD, Wu PY, Hall RT, et al. Pediatrics. 2001;107(4):683-689. doi:10.1542/peds.107.4.683

#

Save this link

Saved

Body Composition in Preterm Infants Who Are Fed Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial

This study evaluated growth and body composition in premature infants who were fed formulas that contain long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Groh-Wargo S, Jacobs J, Auestad N, O'Connor DL, Moore JJ, & Lerner E. Pediatr Res. 2005;57(5 Pt 1):712–718. https://doi.org/10.1203/01.PDR.0000156509.29310.55

#

Save this link

Saved

Associations of Early Nutrition with Growth and Body Composition in Very Preterm Infants: A Prospective Cohort Study

This study investigated impacts of early postnatal macronutrient intakes on growth and body composition of preterm infants within the first 6 months.

Han J, Zhang L, Li S, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2022;76(1):103-110. doi:10.1038/s41430-021-00901-w

#

Save this link

Saved

Growth and Development in Preterm Infants Fed Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial

A randomized trial which assessed growth and development in premature infants fed formulas with oils containing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.

O'Connor DL, Hall R, Adamkin D, et al. Pediatrics. 2001;108(2):359-371. doi:10.1542/peds.108.2.359

#

Save this link

Saved

Prospective Comparison Study Comparing Two Human Milk Fortifiers on Clinical Outcomes in Premature Infants

A prospective comparison of Enfamil and Similac liquid human milk fortifier on growth and metabolic outcomes in premature infants.

Kumar N, Monga R, Sampath V, & Ehrhart B. Am J Perinat. 2017;34(14), 1411–1416. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1603940

#

Save this link

Saved

 

Error

Something went wrong, please close this window and try again.

Confirmation

This article has been removed from My Resources.

Please click "Accept Sale/Sharing and Targeted Advertising" to enable full site functionality.

At this time, we are experiencing problems with broken links on our site. As an interim solution, for full site functionality you must enable functional and advertising cookies. If you continue to opt-out of these cookies, some content on our site may not be viewable.

We use functional cookies to analyze your use of the site, improve performance and provide a better customer experience. We use advertising cookies to allow us, through certain data assigned and obtained from the user's device, to store or share with third parties information related to user's browsing activity in our website, in order to create an advertising profile and place relevant advertising in our website or those third parties websites. For more information about how Abbott uses cookies please see our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy.

In order to accept functional and advertising cookies, please click "Enable Cookies" and then click "Accept Sale/Sharing and Targeted Advertising" to view the full site.

Collapse
Learn more about cookies